Check in on synthesis knowledge
Hand out Billy Budd texts
(Please donate $5 to Ms. Stevens if able or more for those who cannot afford to pay)
Introduce Essential Question:
"How do you make legal exceptions and still maintain order?"
Annotating the text:
- circle unknown words
& common language: please circle passages you don't understand and underline passages you do.
HW Read the Introduction, VII-XIV, and complete annotations #1 and #2 (marginalia and 3-level).
Annotation for BB Ch 1
IN the News
HW see reading schedule
Brief Characterization Summary
-write short summaries using appropriate vocab words
Check and Review Chapters 2-5
-assign questions, identify logic
HW Finish Mencken "The Penalty of Death" McGraw-Hill Reader pp85
Write 1 (instead of entire essay write a freewrite paragraph)
Opinion on a Continuum
Finish Questions for King essay and reading
Journal #13 (Mencken and King)
Check and Review Chapters 6-9
-clarify elements of plot, etc.
Argument Terms and Structure
HW Reading due and Vocab quiz next week
HW Journal #14 CHANGE: rewrite one paragraph of your synthesis essays (unless you already did the independent reading)
NOV 29-DEC 3
SYNTHESIS ESSAYS BACK
-notes to improve
SAVE:Check and Review Chapters
Excerpts regarding death penalty
-Retired Justice Stevens
Continue discussion of BB Ch 10-15
Assign Thomas Paine
-rhetorical box as JOURNAL #15
HW finish box and see reading schedule
HW see reading schedule
Check and Review Chapters
FRI (tentative, this may wait until MON)
Check and review chapters
Review Essay Assignment
Journal Entry #16
Record the persuasive elements of Vere's speech, CH 21, pp96-99:
1. When does he shift styles (change in tone), or how does he adjust his speech for his audience?
2. Identify and outline Vere's thesis, supporting evidence and conclusion?
3. What is his most persuasive point and why?
4. Are you convinced by the end of his speech? What decision would you make and why?
Stanford Site on Philosophy of Punishment
Billy Budd and Capital Punishment: A Tale of Three Centuries by H. Bruce Franklin
Check BB annotations
-review Vere's speech
HW Complete outlines
You will share these on post-its on posters
Organize essay following structure or make sure your outline does so:
Identify your counterargument. What are some logical fallacies?
-look at handout C: The Other Side. How will you construct your argument?
Excerpt from H. Bruce Franklin’s Essay:
“Billy Budd and Capital Punishment: A Tale of Three Centuries”
Billy Budd is not, however, a mere treatise against capital punishment. Melville is using contemporaneous awareness about the issue to explore the larger ethical, philosophic, and political questions it so dramatically focuses. Undoubtedly New York Assemblyman Hitt was overstating the case when he claimed in early 1890, "at present there are only two classes of the community who yet favor capital punishment and these are clergymen and prosecuting attorneys."(60) Nevertheless, Melville could safely assume that almost all potential readers in 1891 would regard public execution and hanging as relics of a barbarous past, would be sensitized to the larger issues surrounding capital punishment, and would already either oppose the death penalty outright or consider it warranted only for first-degree murder and treason. Even the most ardent proponents of the death penalty in late nineteenth-century America would be embarrassed by positions such as these: "Vere justifiably condemns Billy to death" (Peter Shaw); Billy Budd is a "murderer and a cause of his own death" and Melville "is to be identified" with Captain Vere (Milton Stern); "the virtuous man, Captain Vere," must "punish the violence of absolute innocence"--that is, must kill Billy Budd--since "absolute, natural innocence" is "at war with the peace of the world and the true welfare of mankind" (Hannah Arendt).(61) Readers in 1891 would be far more likely to wonder, like the surgeon (235) and the narrator (236-37), whether Vere is insane.
Journal #17: Answer the following questions:
- Is there any evidence that Captain Vere is insane? How might this impact his decision to ask for Billy’s death?
- Is Melville a “murderer”? Why might people consider him thus?
- Is our new system of putting individuals to death (by lethal injection) humane? Are they still public spectacles?
- Recall that slavery is a hot topic back then? How does Melville weave his condemnation of it into his text?
- Consider the ending of the book, how might citizens back then respond compared to now? List all elements of the arguments.
Review signal phrases
-not necessary with statistics
HW Optional roughdraft for class/peer edit
Review Syntax and Rhetorical analysis handout
-how to we word sentences for emphasis
-what rhetorical devices can we employ to emphasize our point
(make sure any unknown terms are in your literary devices rings)
-practice paragraph by identifying
HW Works Cited page
Need Literary Rings for tomorrow.
Review Kinds of Multiple Choice on AP
Argument Essays due next Friday, DEC 17th, by 10 to turnitin.com.
OR for 10% late credit, Jan 3rd.
Travel and Culture
Introduction Pico Iyer
-"The Humble Comma"
Lost in Translation